Neck pain ICD 10 code | M54.2 | Neck Pain Causes and Treatment

Neck pain is a problem that cannot be ignored, tens of millions of people around the world are suffering from neck pain. You may need to use the ICD-10 code for neck pain when you receive professional treatment at a medical facility or when filling out your health insurance policy. In the 2023 version of the ICD-10 codes, M54.2 is the neck pain ICD-10 code you need. In this article, you will learn more about the ICD-10 for neck pain, its causes and effective neck pain treatment options.
Neck pain ICD 10 code M54.2

What are the specific symptoms of neck pain?

FAQs About neck pain ICD 10 ?

M54.2 is an ICD-10 code for neck pain, which is used to cover conditions in which a patient presents with discomfort or pain in the posterior or lateral region of the cervical spine that persists for more than 3 months (chronic) or less than 3 months (acute).

M54.2 is an ICD-10 code for neck pain, which is already a specific enough type of pain code to be used for purposes such as billing and Medicare reimbursement. However, M54.2 is a general code for neck pain. For some special neck pain symptoms, you can choose other ICD-10 codes to describe your neck pain problem accurately.

When you go to a health care entity or professional medical institution for treatment or you want insurance reimbursement for neck pain treatment, you need to submit the ICD-10 code for neck pain and related documents

When you go to a medical institution for neck pain for the first time, you should communicate with the medical staff and select the ICD-10 code that matches your current neck pain symptoms with the most characters under the type of neck pain. The higher the number of characters, the more specific the representation, and the greater the percentage and likelihood that you will be able to obtain Medicare coverage.

M50.0Cervical disc disorder with myelopathy
M50.02Cervical disc disorder with myelopathy, mid-cervical region
M50.1Cervical disc disorder with radiculopathy
M50.2Other cervical disc displacement
M50.3Other cervical disc degeneration
M50.8Other cervical disc disorders
M50.9Cervical disc disorder, unspecified
M48.02Spinal Stenosis, cervical region
M47.12Other spondylosis with myelopathy, cervical region
M47.13Other spondylosis with myelopathy, cervicothoracic region
M47.22Other spondylosis with radiculopathy, cervical region
M47.23Other spondylosis with radiculopathy, cervicothoracic region
M47.812Spondylosis without myelopathy or radiculopathy, cervical region
M47.813Spondylosis without myelopathy or radiculopathy, cervicothoracic region
S16Injury of muscle, fascia and tendon at neck level–click to select more specific/billable version of this code

What are the causes of neck pain?

Muscle tension or strain

Prolonged periods of improper head posture, such as using a computer or cell phone, can cause neck muscle tension or strain, which can lead to pain.

Degenerative changes in the cervical spine

As we age, degenerative changes in the cervical spine, such as disc degeneration, bone spur formation, and arthritis, can lead to neck pain.

Cervical disc herniation or bulging

An injury or herniation of a disc in the neck can compress the nerve roots in the neck, causing pain, and possibly numbness and tingling in the arm.

Neck injury

Neck trauma, such as a head collision in a traffic accident, can cause damage to the soft tissues and bones of the neck, causing pain.

Neck Muscle Strain

A sprain, tear, or strain in the neck muscles can cause pain and muscle weakness.

Cervical spine fractures

Neck fractures are usually caused by severe trauma and can cause severe neck pain and nerve damage.

Neck infection

An infection in the soft tissues or lymph nodes of the neck may cause neck pain, which is often accompanied by other symptoms such as fever and swelling.

Neck tumors

Neck tumors, both malignant and benign, can put pressure on the nerves and tissues in the neck, causing pain.

Cervical radiculopathy

Cervical radiculopathy, such as cervical disc disease or nerve root compression, can cause neck pain and arm pain.

Neck deformities

Some people may be born with structural abnormalities in the neck that can cause neck pain in adulthood.

How to treat neck pain?

Drug treatment

Pain-relieving drugs such as ibuprofen, naproxen sodium, and acetaminophen have good treatment and relief effects on short-term neck pain and mild to moderate neck pain. For moderate to severe neck pain, you may consider prescription pain relievers and muscle relaxants for neck pain relief.


Heat and ice are common forms of physical therapy, and a physical therapist will also guide you in correct posture for corrective and neck recovery exercises. In addition, TENS can relieve progressive pain by placing electrodes on the skin over the painful area of the neck to deliver tiny electrical pulses. Some research data shows that using a soft neck collar to reduce neck pressure can help relieve neck pain.

Surgical treatment

When medical personnel face complex neck pain problems, they may choose to inject steroid drugs and anesthetic drugs, such as lidocaine, near the nerve roots, into the spinal joints, or neck muscles to relieve neck pain. When cervical spine problems compress nerves and cause severe neck pain, surgery is a good option.

Chinese medicine therapy

Chinese medicine uses acupuncture and herbal pain relief patches to relieve and treat neck pain problems. Acupuncture stimulates specific points in the body to enhance blood flow in the neck. Traditional Chinese medicine pain relief patch can effectively treat neck inflammation and relieve the irritation of neck pain. Traditional Chinese medicine pain relief patch uses pure natural animal and plant ingredients, which will not cause side effects on the human body. It is one of the more popular neck pain treatment options in recent years.
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