Muscle Strains: Symptoms, Causes, and Treat

Muscle Strains Symptoms Causes and Treat

1. What is muscle strain?

A muscle strain is a common sports injury that usually occurs when a muscle or tendon (the connective tissue that connects muscle to bone) is inappropriately stretched or twisted. This condition can cause tiny tears or strains in the muscle fibers, causing pain and discomfort. Muscle strains or tears usually occur during activities such as lifting heavy objects and strenuous exercise, and are more common among sports participants. When a muscle tears, capillaries can cause localization or bruising, irritating nerve endings in the area and causing ongoing pain.

Muscle Strains

2. What are the symptoms of a muscle strain?

1. Persistent pain: The most common symptom of a muscle strain or tear is persistent pain. The degree of pain can vary widely depending on the condition of the muscle tear.

2. Swelling: Swelling or lumps will appear for a period of time after a muscle strain, which is caused by an inflammatory response caused by a muscle strain

3. Bruises: Some patients with muscle strains will experience blood bruising or bruises on the skin, forming purple or dark blue spots and plaques on the surface of the muscle strain.

4. Muscle stiffness: After a muscle strain may cause damage to the tendon, the muscle in the damaged area will feel stiff. The patient cannot move freely, and the space and range of limb stretching are smaller than normal.

5. Loss of strength: After muscle strain, the original muscle groups cannot provide effective strength support, causing the patient to feel weak in the limbs and unable to pick up or support heavy objects.

6. Abnormal muscle contraction: Under special circumstances, muscle strain or muscle tear may lead to abnormal muscle contraction, resulting in spasms and other conditions.

The severity of muscle strain symptoms depends on the extent of the strain. A minor strain may present with only mild discomfort, while a severe strain may cause significant pain and disability.

3. What factors can cause muscle strain?

1. Improper warm-up and stretching: Failure to perform adequate warm-up and stretching exercises before participating in sporting events or exercise will result in muscles and tendons that are not supple enough. When a patient performs strenuous acquisition in a sudden state, it is likely to cause muscle strain

2. Excessive force: Excessive force and incorrect posture when performing certain activities can cause muscle strain. Common sports such as weightlifting and javelin throwing are the “hardest hit areas” for muscle strains.

3. Unbalanced muscle strength: Unscientific fitness exercises can lead to strength imbalances among multiple muscle groups. Muscle strains can occur due to uneven distribution of force when performing certain special activities.

4. Muscle fatigue: When maintaining the same posture for a long time or continuing to exert force without rest, the muscles cannot provide sufficient support and stability. This can lead to muscle strains or even muscle tears.

5. External factors: Uneven or slippery surfaces may increase the risk of falls and muscle strains. Outdoor sports such as rock climbing and cross-country activities may also cause muscle strains due to the complex environment.

6. Age factor: As age increases, muscles become looser and the elasticity of muscles and tendons gradually weakens. Therefore, the elderly are also a common group of people suffering from muscle strains.

4. How to deal with muscle strain?

Minor muscle strains can be treated at home. Immediately after injury, apply an ice pack to the injured area and keep the muscle strained area in a stretched state. This can effectively control muscle swelling and local bleeding. After applying ice for 6-10 hours, you can choose to use heat to accelerate the body’s ability to heal the muscle strain.

You can keep the PRICE formula in mind when treating muscle strain at home. That is protection, rest, ice, compression and elevation. The specific steps are as follows:

  1. Remove any tight clothing and jewelry from the area of muscle strain.
  2. Protects strained muscles from further injury.
  3. Give tense muscles a rest. Avoid activities that cause strain and other pain.
  4. Ice the muscle area (20 minutes every hour you are awake). Ice is a very effective anti-inflammatory and pain reliever.
  5. An elastic bandage can be used to apply gentle pressure, both to provide support and to reduce swelling. Do not wrap tightly.
  6. Elevate the injured area to reduce swelling. For example, support tight leg muscles while sitting.

If the above self-treatment methods cannot relieve the pain caused by muscle strain, it is recommended that you take painkillers to relieve it. NSAIDs such as naproxen and ibuprofen have proven to be the anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs of choice. However, if you have a history of kidney disease or gastrointestinal discomfort, please do not take the above two drugs. Acetaminophen can effectively reduce pain but does not eliminate the inflammation caused by muscle strain. Please follow the advice of a professional doctor for the specific selection and use of painkillers.

Muscle strain is one of the common causes of knee pain. It is very necessary to correctly understand the causes and symptoms of muscle strain and how to take measures at home to treat and relieve muscle strain. If you want to know more authoritative content about knee pain, please click to view this article “Knee Pain: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention

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