How to Cope with Chronic Knee Pain?

Knee bursitis is one of the common causes of knee pain. The inflammatory reaction in the knee joint can cause persistent pain throughout the knee joint. Some patients affected by knee joint pain will reduce their range of motion, causing great inconvenience to their work and life. In this article, we will work with you to understand what knee bursitis is, the specific symptoms of knee bursitis, and effective treatment options so that you can effectively relieve your knee pain and return to normal activities.

Knee Bursitis Causes Symptoms Treatment

1. What is knee bursitis?

Knee bursitis is a common knee problem that usually refers to a condition in which one or more bursae around the knee become inflamed or damaged. Knee bursitis usually occurs on the inside of the knee above or below the kneecap. Bursae are sacs of fluid in the body that sit around joints to relieve friction and relieve stress when the joint is moving. The knee bursa also cushions pressure points between the bones and the joint’s attached tendons, muscles, and skin. The inflammatory response of the knee bursa can lead to redness, swelling and pain in the knee joint, which greatly affects the normal movement and range of motion of the patient.

2. What are the common symptoms of knee bursitis?

The signs and symptoms of knee bursitis vary from person to person, depending on the location of the bursae and the cause of the bursitis. Here are some common symptoms of knee bursitis:

1. Knee Pain

The most common symptom of knee bursitis is intermittent or persistent knee pain. Knee pain usually occurs at the front of the knee (that is, the patella area), or at the back of the knee, and the knee pain will be significantly worse when the patient bends the knee or performs activities.

2. Knee swelling

After the knee bursa is inflamed, there will be persistent redness and swelling in this area. An infected and damaged knee bursa leaks bursa fluid, which creates persistent swelling in the knee.

3. Warm feeling in the knee

The inflammatory response in the knee bursa is essentially the expression of the interaction between the body’s immune cells and the inflammatory substances in the bursa. Just as a person’s body temperature rises when they have a fever, bursitis can cause a constant feeling of warmth in the knee area.

4. Sensitive compressive pain

Gently press the position of the knee bursa with your fingers, and the patient will feel obvious compressive pain. This is also a clear sign that distinguishes knee bursitis from other causes of knee pain.

5. Limited motion of the knee joint

Bursitis can lead to limited range of motion of the knee joint, making it difficult for the patient to fully extend and bend the knee like a normal person. There is a noticeable tingling and burning sensation in the knee while performing extensions and full knee.

3. What are the common causes of knee bursitis?

What are the common causes of knee bursitis

There are many pathogenic factors of knee bursitis. Improper use of the knee, traumatic factors, weight problems, bone friction, etc. can all lead to knee bursitis. Here are some common causes of knee bursitis:

  • Overuse of the knee: Frequent repetitive knee joint activities, such as standing for long periods of time, kneeling, working in a kneeling position, running or jumping, etc., may lead to overuse of the knee bursa, which can lead to inflammation. Sports players and carpet installers often develop inflammation of the bursae in their knees.
  • Traumatic injury: Accidental trauma, falls, external collisions, falls and other conditions may also damage the bursa, which in turn triggers the inflammatory response of the bursa and causes knee pain.
  • Bacterial infection of the bursa: Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus, etc. can enter the knee bursa along with the wound and cause infection when the knee skin is injured. Immune system deficiencies and prolonged knee bursal irritation also increase the chance of bacterial infection of the knee bursae leading to knee bursitis.
  • Rheumatic diseases: Long-term humid environments or underwater work can lead to rheumatoid arthritis. Although rheumatoid arthritis with similar symptoms does not work in a humid environment, the symptoms of knee damage are similar to rheumatic diseases. These rheumatic diseases can also lead to the development of knee bursitis.
  • Obesity and overweight: Obesity means that the weight will exceed the normal index. The knee joint has to bear all the weight of the upper body and is overwhelmed, and the risk of knee bursitis inflammation will continue to increase.
  • Drug injection: When patients are using corticosteroids to relieve knee pain, sometimes knee bursitis may occur due to excessive injection of these drugs.
  • Aging: Aging will lead to a decrease in the lubrication of the knee, and the femur, patella, tibia, and meniscus at the knee will rub against each other due to lack of lubrication. These abnormal frictions can lead to knee bursitis.

4. How to effectively prevent and treat knee bursitis?

1. Maintain correct posture and adequate rest

Do not maintain the same posture for a long time. Relaxing your knees in an orderly manner and allowing them to get adequate rest can minimize the occurrence of knee bursitis. Reducing repetitive knee movements, such as long periods of running or jumping, can help speed recovery from knee bursitis.

2. Ice and heat compresses

In an emergency, damage to the knee bursa can be treated with ice packs. Place an ice pack on the injured knee area for 15-20 minutes at a time and apply ice every 2 hours. After 6-8 hours, use hot compresses to relieve and treat knee bursitis. But be careful about scalding or frostbite on the skin when applying ice or heat.

3. Use pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs

Over-the-counter pain relievers (such as acetaminophen) and anti-inflammatory drugs (such as ibuprofen) can reduce the pain and inflammation of knee bursitis. Follow the dosage and usage instructions on the medicine package.

4. Extract knee bursal fluid

In some cases, your doctor may drain fluid from a damaged bursa to relieve pressure and pain. This procedure is often called bursal fluid aspiration or aspiration.

5. Traditional Chinese Medicine Treatment

Traditional Chinese Medicine uses acupuncture and Chinese medicine pain relief patches to treat knee bursitis. Traditional Chinese medicine analgesic patches contain a variety of natural animal and plant active ingredients, which have a very good effect on eliminating inflammation in the knee bursa. Traditional Chinese medicine analgesic patches are the preferred way to treat knee bursitis and relieve knee pain in many countries and regions in Southeast Asia.

6. Surgical treatment

If the bursitis is severe or if chronic knee bursitis cannot be treated by other means, the patient may want to consider surgical treatment. These surgical treatments include knee bursectomy or new bursal repair.

If you are suffering from knee pain or want to know more authoritative knowledge about knee pain, please click to view this article “Knee Pain: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention

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